Never refer to Lakehead University as “LU” as this can be confused with Laurentian University. Instead, refer to it as “Lakehead University,” “Lakehead,” or “Lakehead U.” Other variations include the following:
- Lakehead University Thunder Bay
- Lakehead University Thunder Bay campus
- Lakehead University Orillia
- Lakehead University Orillia campus
The abbreviated form is “Wolves” and should be used only after first mentioning “Thunderwolves.”
Use the hyphen when referring to the Lakehead University department, Career and Co-operative Education Services (and its abbreviated form “Co-op”), but delete the hyphen with using the word “cooperate” or “coordinate.”
Use “%” or “percent” but be consistent throughout the piece.
Et cetera (etc. or et cetera):
Use a comma after the term
Example: The carpenter’s nails, hammer, saw, et cetera, were found at the bottom of the lake.
Example: The carpenter’s nails, hammer, saw, etc., were found at the bottom of the lake.
Example: The carpenter’s nails, hammer, saw, and so on, were found at the bottom of the lake.
For Canadian provinces and territories, use these abbreviations after the name of the community and not the abbreviations set by Canada Post (e.g. ON, SK, AB, etc.):
|N.L.||Newfoundland and Labrador|
|N.W.T.||The Northwest Territories|
|P.E.I.||Prince Edward Island|
|Yukon||The Territory of the Yukon|
|Nunavut||The Territory of Nunavut|
For American states, use these abbreviations after the name of a community:
|Ala., Ariz., Ark.||Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas|
|Calif., Colo., Conn.||California, Colorado, Connecticut|
|Del., Fla., Ga.||Delaware, Florida, Georgia|
|Ill., Ind.||Illinois, Indiana|
|Kan., Ky., La.||Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana|
|Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., Mont.||Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana|
|Neb., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.M., N.Y., N.C.,N.D.||Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota|
|Okla., Ore.||Oklahoma, Oregon|
|Pa., R.I.||Pennsylvania, Rhode Island|
|S.C., S.D||South Carolina, South Dakota|
|Tenn., Vt., Va.||Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia|
|Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo.||Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming|
Note: U.S. is the abbreviation for the nation known as the United States. Do not abbreviate Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Ohio, Texas, Utah, Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands.
Style for Abbreviations:
Omit periods in all-capital abbreviations unless the abbreviation is geographical or refers to a person.
Examples: UFO, UBC, CBC
Examples: P.E.I, N.W.T., U.S., U.S.A., J.R. Ewing, E.T.
Mixed abbreviations that begin and end with a capital letter do not take periods:
Examples: PhD, U of T, PoW
Use Corp., Inc., and Ltd. with corporate names without commas:
Example: Texaco Inc. has announced the closure of four offices.